Any person born in the United States is US citizen (except for child born to a foreign diplomat) and proof of US citizenship is a birth certificate for naturally born US citizens. A birth certificate is a very important document to get other documents such as US passport, visa, etc.
When you go to a hospital for childbirth, you will be given the forms to be filled out by the hospital. There will be several forms. Among them, one form will be for hospital records and another to be sent to county or state.
Depending upon the state you live in, county/state form may either be directly sent to county/state or you may be asked to send that form to county/state. (e.g., in California, it will be sent by the hospital to the county, but in Virginia, you have to send the form to state yourself after 3-4 weeks of birth. )
It is best to think of baby’s name well in advance as you will have to fill in the name before sending the form to county/state. It is also possible to add the name within short time after birth, but that is more work and not worth the hassle. If you are not sure whether the baby is boy or girl, you can think about name(s) of both boy and girl. If you believe that your baby’s name should be according to some astrology or religous beliefs etc, you can call relevant persons before you leave hospital but get name written in the form before leaving the hospital.
Hospitals also will give a record of birth but that is not too valuable. It is a temporary record and not actually valid for applying for social security number, passport, visa, etc.
You can get as many original birth certificates you want in the US. It is better to get extra original birth certificates and keep them with you. Depending upon the state you live in, there may be different amounts of charge per copy for the original birth certificate. An original birth certificate will be needed during different phases of a person’s life such as school admission, getting a passport, etc.
Birth certificates are normally issued by Vital Records Department of the State you are in.
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